The Top 10 Programming Languages You’ll Need to Know in 2022
The programming landscape can be challenging to navigate as it changes at such a rapid pace, and in order to keep up with the latest and greatest programming languages, you’ll need to make sure that you’re always on top of your game. Thankfully, the list below will show you the top 10 programming languages that will be useful in 2022, so you can be prepared for what’s coming next! Plus, we’ve also included helpful links for each language that are intended to help kickstart your learning process! Good luck!
Number 1 – Python
Python has skyrocketed in popularity among software developers, increasing by 70% over the past two years. A favourite of novice programmers and experienced pros alike, Python is a multi-paradigm programming language (more on that below) capable of doing anything from web development to machine learning. Its recent adoption of support for data science and artificial intelligence is what’s driving its meteoric rise today—and these features are why it’ll be so popular over the next five years as well. It’s used heavily at tech giants like Google, IBM, Facebook, Netflix and Dropbox; with widespread use at these companies combined with a robust third-party library ecosystem (aka an ecosystem of apps created by independent coders), Python is poised to continue growing quickly. This will make it even more valuable to students in schools where coding languages are taught such as in the UK, where GCSE Computer Science (first taught in 2016) now teaches students to code in Python. As an easy language to learn, if you want to learn how to code, you should definitely learn Python first!
Number 2 – Java
In general, Java has been in use for a very long time, but that doesn’t mean it’s obsolete. In fact, it’s still used to build apps like Dropbox and Candy Crush Saga. As of 2015, there were about nine million Java developers worldwide; those numbers are expected to increase with time as well. For starters, if you want to get a job building Android apps for Google or creating programs for Oracle databases, then it’s a must-know.
Number 3 – C++
This is currently one of most widely used programming languages. It is used mainly in game development, mobile app development, and software development. C++ has been designed as an extension of C language so it combines low-level facilities with high-level specifications of C language which makes it quite useful for a wide range of applications. Java: This is an object-oriented programming language that was developed by Sun Microsystems Inc.
Number 4 – PHP
PHP is an open-source scripting language designed for web development, but has evolved over time into a powerful general-purpose programming language. It is a popular server-side scripting language that powers everything from simple websites to complex corporate applications. PHP works as well for frontend development as it does for backend development. With its recent improvements, it’s fast enough to be used on any kind of website and robust enough for mission-critical systems.
Number 6 – Ruby on Rails
Back in 2004, 37signals created a framework called Ruby on Rails. It was meant to take over where ASP and PHP left off by offering a more streamlined process for web development. The language has been around since before 2010 and is showing no signs of slowing down. With $100 billion startups like Airbnb relying on it for major parts of their sites, there’s no doubt that Ruby on Rails will continue its reign as one of tech’s top languages for years to come.
Number 7 – Scala
Scala, which is both functional and object-oriented, is a flexible language that can be used for multiple types of applications. It’s meant to run on distributed environments like an application server, although it can also be used as an interpreted scripting language. In fact, many developers use Scala for what it calls micro services—small programs that run independently from one another. This makes Scala ideal for cloud computing and microservices-based architectures.
Number 8 – Swift
Swift is a high-performance programming language built by Apple for iOS, macOS, watchOS, and tvOS apps. It can also be used to develop applications for Linux and Windows. Swift is a general-purpose programming language that’s easy to learn, intuitive and expressive. It features automatic memory management, which means it helps you prevent a common cause of crashes and bugs related to memory usage.
Number 9 – HTML
HTML is a markup language used for structuring and presenting content on a Web page. It allows you to create tags, so that your text can be formatted with bold, italics, lists, and more. HTML will be necessary for almost any programming job you take on since it forms the foundation of other coding languages.
Number 10 – CSS
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) is a style sheet language used for describing the presentation of a document written in a markup language. It is most commonly used to style web pages written in HTML and XHTML, but can also be applied to any kind of XML document, including SVG and XUL. Using CSS, you can alter elements’ properties such as color, size, layout and background.